SANTA CRUZ, Calif. (Ivanhoe Newswire) -- Between the applications and financial paperwork, getting any young adult to college is a challenge. Keeping them there can be quite another. Students who are the first in their family to attend college may face additional, unanticipated roadblocks.

Liliana Martinez and Jade Northover are just weeks away from closing the book on high school and starting a new chapter.

Martinez detailed, “I remember when I was younger I wanted to be an archeologist, then an artist. Now I want to be a veterinarian.”

Northover told Ivanhoe, “I wanted to be this, this, this and this. My mom’s like, you can’t be all those things at one time.”

So Northover picked two things. She’ll major in pre-medicine and minor in theater at whichever college offers her the best scholarship. It’s all brand new for these two women and their families.

Margarita Azmitia, Ph.D. studied 200 first-generation students and their majors to determine the challenges facing them and the resources available to them in college. Azmitia said many students automatically choose a challenging STEM major because they hope degrees in science, technology, engineering and math pay off and allow them to help their families.

“So they come into the university and then crash their first quarter, common for a lot of first-generation students, but especially in STEM. And if you flunk some of those courses, you’re off step. You’re out," Azmitia said.

The second biggest challenge, according to Azmitia, is financial. Many students from low-income families feel guilty.

“They are living better than their families, so often what they do is start to send part of their scholarship money or part of their work money back home,” explained Azmitia.

First-generation college students should see if their school offers a college culture seminar to help them navigate their new surroundings, Azmitia suggested. And try to make connections with teaching assistants. Often they’re more accessible than professors. She also says to join one service organization; it’s a great place to make friends and find mentors.

Nationwide,  the first-generation student dropout rate is highest after the first year, Azmitia says. For most, it’s not academic difficulties causing them to quit school, but rather a feeling that they don’t belong. She says parents should actively remind their students that they do deserve the opportunity to go to college and do belong.

For more information and resources, visit FirstGenerationFoundation.org.

Contributors to this news report include: Cyndy McGrath, Supervising and Field Producer; Dave Harrison, Editor; Kirk Manson, Videographer.

Produced by Child Trends News Service in partnership with Ivanhoe Broadcast News and funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation.